Birthplace: Prague, Czechia
Place of demise: Kierling, Vienna, Austria
Reason behind death: Tuberculosis
Remains: Buried, Brand New Jewish Cemetery, Prague, Czechia
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual direction: Straight
Executive summary: Metamorphosis
Franz Kafka is an icon of dark existentialist and absurdist literature who usually typed about themes of isolation, alienation, and authoritarian oppression. Their most commonly known work includes the short-story "The Metamorphosis", when the main personality transforms into a beetle, also "within the Penal Colony", "The Hunger Artist", while the novels The test, The Castle, and the unfinished Amerika. In addition of note were the many autobiographical findings and literary some ideas culled from his numerous journals also his famous "Letter to His Father", by which he experimented with explain their particular tense relationship along with his mental peculiarities.
Kafka was born in Prague in 1883. Although Kafka was born a Jew he reported of experiencing little in keeping with other Jews. He went to synagogue but four times a year, talked mainly German (although Czech was indeed the language of his childhood), and had bit cultural participation with all the Jewish neighborhood, with the exception of Jewish theater teams. His middle class bourgeois household aspired to ascending mobility and acceptance in to the German mainstream.
As outlined in "Letter to His Father", Franz Kafka's dad, Hermann Kafka, ended up being a significant influence within the publisher's life. Usually portrayed as large, noisy, volatile, and domineering, Hermann Kafka had been a self-made man that has increased from impoverishment to entrepreneur shopkeeper. Younger Kafka often felt he previously much more in keeping together with his mama's region of the household. Kafka's mommy, Julie Lwy, ended up being the 2nd youngster of a well-to-do fabric vendor and brewer, and her relations had been much more familiar with a calmer, much more genteel lifestyle. Kafka additionally felt life might-have-been various if their father's trend might have been spread amongst various other sons; but both their younger brothers, George and Heinrich, died whenever hardly from infancy, plus it ended up being left to Franz alone to have a problem with the mantle of his father's expectations and frustrations. Of their three sisters - Gabrielle (Elli), Valerie (Valli), and Ottilie (Ottla) - it had been the youngest sis, Ottla, who Franz liked many, and whom Herman Kafka liked minimal.
As a youngster Franz Kafka was a voracious audience and enjoyed gaining performs for their siblings. After completing their major scientific studies, he proceeded to study law at Charles Ferdinand University (better known because the University of Prague). After graduation he took a posture as a insurance representative, employment he retained until weakness from tuberculosis forced him to retire. Meanwhile he began writing privately, and even had a couple of things published.
But he remained self-deprecating about their writing, as he was about himself generally, and on his death bed requested his close lifelong friend maximum Brod burning all his unpublished works, including journals and correspondence. It absolutely was a promise Brod didn't hold. As an alternative Brod, who'd always been impressed with Kafka's literary abilities, modified a portion of what remained and had it posted. Interest in Kafka's work soared and, over the years, features proceeded to garner a following. While Kafka keeps a large following among existentialists, just who find in his gloom and doom anxiety about life an expression of deepest truth (that individuals tend to be meaningless and alone, yet cannot assist but yearn for this all to matter), he in addition locates sympthetic reaction among magical realists as well as others who favor an absurdist, unique representation of life.
Kafka himself attributed much of their lifestyle towards the strikes of this commitment together with his father. In Letter to their dad (1919) he reported: "My writing had been about you; all used to do here, in the end, would be to bemoan the things I cannot bemoan upon your breast. It absolutely was an intentionally long-drawn-out leave-taking from you." His work was usually fraught with cold, authoritarian numbers that persecuted and threatened for factors barely understood and sometimes unexplained - a predicament which perfectly summarized Kafka's youth sense of his own parent.
Infection and real limitation additionally plagued Kafka, another senseless extrusion of suffering which implied to him a callous world or perverse creator. Aside from the tuberculosis that had first appeared in 1917, Kafka experienced frequent bouts of sleeplessness, migraine headaches, boils, irregularity, alongside disorders. He was a hypochondriac and possibly an anorexic, as his weight suffered wild fluxuations and his dietary peculiarities progressed through prodigious consumption of unpasteurized milk (a possible source of infectious tuberculosis) to a completely vegan diet.
Their attitudes toward sexuality has also been marked by severe neurosis. Struggling to reconcile their actual urges (that have been visited upon prostitutes and free women) together with his intimate longings, he had some prolonged, probably chaste, involvements that usually finished inside the breaking off the relationship. Despite this fact, and despite their becoming overwhelmed with feelings of inadequacy and self-loathing, he had been much well-liked by buddies (including females pals) for his mild, cool demeanor, their wry wit, along with his apparent intelligence. He was more seen not as poor and repulsive, his very own anxiety, but as boyishly good looking, plus nice and austere.
Franz Kafka passed away in 1924 from complications pertaining to tuberculosis. It has been mentioned that because of the great pain in his throat, using this problem, he was struggling to eat and scarcely to take in inside the last days. He frequently reported of thirst in his letters residence to their daddy, and also at the conclusion may have simply starved to demise. His body is buried in Prague, in the Jewish portion of the Strasnice cemetery. His father and mother tend to be interred beside him. All three of his siblings had been killed in Nazi concentration camps during World War II.
Dad: Hermann Kafka (b. 1852, d. 1931)
Mother: Julie Löwy (b. 1856, d. 1934).
Brother: Georg (d. infancy)
Brother: Heinrich (d. infancy)
Sister: Gabrielle ("Elli", d. WWII concentration camp)
Sister: Valerie ("Valli", d. WWII focus camp)
Sister: Ottilie ("Ottla", d. WWII concentration camp)
Girlfriend: Felice Bauer
Mistress: Grete Bloch (friend of Felice Bauer, claimed having borne Kafka's child)
Mistress: Milena Jesenská-Pollak (journalist)
Girlfriend: Dora Dymant
Senior School: Deutsche Knabenschule, Prague (1889-93)
Draft Deferment: World War I
Risk Factors: Tuberculosis, Insomnia, Vegetarian, Depression
Is the topic of books:
Franz Kafka: A Biography, 1995, BY: Max Brod
Kafka, 2004, with: Nicholas Murray
Author of publications:
Der Proze (1925, book, "The Trial")