Kafka was born into a middle-class, German-speaking Jewish family in Prague, the administrative centre of Bohemia, a kingdom which was after that the main Austro-Hungarian Empire. Their father, Hermann Kafka (18521931), ended up being explained by Kafka himself as "a real Kafka in strength, health, desire for food, loudness of voice, eloquence, self-satisfaction, worldly prominence, stamina, existence of head, [and] understanding of human nature ...". Hermann had been the fourth child of Jacob Kafka, a butcher, and found Prague from Osek, a Jewish village near Písek in south Bohemia. After working as a traveling sales agent, he established himself as an unbiased store of males's and ladies' fancy products and accessories, employing up to 15 individuals and making use of a jackdaw (kavka in Czech) as their logo. Kafka's mom, Julie (18561934), ended up being the daughter of Jakob Löwy, a prosperous brewer in Poděbrady, and had been better educated than her husband.
Kafka ended up being the oldest of six kiddies. He previously two younger brothers, Georg and Heinrich, who died in the centuries of fifteen months and half a year, correspondingly, before Kafka had been six, and three younger siblings, Gabriele ("Elli") (18891941), Valerie ("Valli") (18901942), and Ottilie ("Ottla") (18921943). On company days, both parents were missing through the house. Their mother aided to control her spouse's company and worked inside it just as much as 12 hours everyday. The youngsters were mostly reared by a succession of governesses and servants.
Kafka's sisters were sent with their people into the Łódź ghetto and passed away there or in focus camps. Ottla is known having already been delivered to the focus camp at Theresienstadt and to the demise camp at Auschwitz.
Kafka discovered German as his very first language, but he was also nearly fluent in Czech. Later, Kafka in addition acquired some knowledge of French language and tradition; one of his preferred writers was Flaubert. From 1889 to 1893, he went to the Deutsche Knabenschule, the boys' elementary school at Fleischmarkt (beef marketplace), the street now known as Masná Street in Prague. Their Jewish training ended up being limited to his Bar Mitzvah gathering at 13 and going to the synagogue four times a year together with his parent.  After primary college, he was accepted towards the thorough classics-oriented state gymnasium, Altstädter Deutsches Gymnasium, an academic secondary school with eight quality levels, where German was also the language of training, at Staroměstské náměstí, inside the Kinsky Palace when you look at the Old Town. He completed their Matura exams in 1901.